गुरुवार, 6 दिसंबर 2012



Our country may be winning the war against HIV ,but young Indians are falling prey to STIs

What is common between UK and India ,other than a shared colonial history ?

It is the recent rise in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among youngsters ,say sexual health experts.

In England ,the infections were spotted in young people failing to use condoms with new partners ,according to  a 

report by the Health Protection Agency released 

around May this year .

Back home ,the Maharshtra State AIDS Control Society (MSA CS) says the total number of new reported cases of 

STIs ,in the state including Mumbai ,has risen by 

5,328 in just the last one year .Up from 1,34 ,395 in 2011 (men :58,022;women :76,190 )to 1,39 ,753 in 2012 (men 

:50,831;women :88,665).

The numbers ,says Dr Rajan Bhonsle ,head of the department of sexual medicine at KEM Hospital ,could be higher 

since government figures don't account for 

patients at private clinics.


What's worrying is that most patients are oblivious to the infections since symptoms can be masked .Dr I S Gilada 

,president of AIDS Society of India ,says ,in the 

case of herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2 ),more than half of those affected do not show any symptoms ."Infections appear 

in the form of tiny blisters that are   ignored 

.These can be gradually turn into ulcers ,or disappear within weeks .But this virus has the tendency to recur in  a couple 

of months despite lack of fresh exposure 

warns ,"Gilada.

Stats for 2012 reveal the following infections as the top four in Maharshtra :

 (1)  chlamydia 

(2)  gonorrhea ,

(3) HSV2 and 

(4)human paillomavirus (HPV)


In the last 10 years ,the ease with which Indians have learnt to juggle multiple partners is responsible for the rise in STIs 

,say dermatologists like Dr Manohar H 

Sobhani ."Ironically ,while commercial sex workers are particular about using condoms ,the general populace is not 

,"says Dr Sobhani .He receives more college 

going girls infected with STIs now ,as compared to 10 years ago .

The other hitch is the stigma attached to STIs .Before they know it ,youngsters have transmitted the infection to their 

partner .Mirror columnist and sex  expert Dr 

 Mahinder Watsa receives several such querries from readers ,who complain about blisters and abnormal discharge 

,asking for a quick fix ."Timely treatmnent from 

an expert is crucial in curbing the spread of STIs ,"he says .


One of the most widespread misconception among Indians ,says Dr Bhonsle ,is 

that the use of a condom will provide 

protection against all STIs ."A condom can 

can do only so much ,since it shields just the penis .It does not shield the scrotum 

or skin around the penis ,so what if 

you have a bleeding rash ?"he asks .

Oral sex ,too ,can lead to STIs including HIV.The possibilty of STIs spreading 

through saliva is low among humans

 ,but it is possible ,say doctors."Several people 

bleed every morning when brushing .The blood molecules could get locked 

between the gums and cheek ,and 

release during deep kissing .If the other partner also 

has a cut or gash in the mouth , an STI  can be easily transferred ,"says Dr 


अगली किश्त में पढ़िएगा इन चारों यौन संचारी रोगों के बारे में हिंदी में सभी पारिभाषिक शब्दों 

की व्याख्या के साथ महत्वपूर्ण पोस्ट 


यौन संसर्ग से उत्पन्न एक यौन रोग है सुजाक .यौन संसर्ग यौनिक भी हो सकता है ,गुदा मैथुन या मुख मैथुन

भी .कुछ लोग तो होते ही मुख मैथुनी हैं कोठेवालिया भी इनसे आजिज़ आ जाती हैं इनकी तसल्ली नहीं होती

फिर भी .

सुजाक की लपेट में आने पर पेशाब करते वक्त मूत्र त्याग में जलन हो सकती है ,शिश्न से रंगीन द्रव का स्राव हो

सकता है .अन्डकोशों में सोजिश (सूजन )आ सकती है .योनी से अतिरिक्त स्राव हो सकता है संक्रमित महिला

की तथा माहवारी के बीच में भी दोबारा रक्तस्राव हो सकता है .

ला -इलाज़ नहीं है यह रोग इलाज़ कराने पर रोगी इस संक्रमण से बाहर निकल आता है

रोग निदान हेतु

ब्लड कल्चर किया जाता है ,कंठ से मुलायम फाये के ज़रिये (throat swab)तरल एकत्र किया जाता है जांच  के

लिए .

Gonorrhoea is sexually transmitted bacterial disease that causes inflammation of the genital mucous membrane ,burning pain when urinating and a discharge


यह यौन संचारी रोग भी संक्रमित व्यक्ति से गुदा ,योनी ,मुख मैथुन के ज़रिये अंतरित होता है .

 इसके लक्षण तीन हफ़्तों में प्रगटित होने लगते हैं जिनमें  शामिल हैं :

मूत्र  त्याग के वक्त जलन ,शिश्न से बिला वजह स्राव होना ,योनी से भी इसी प्रकार स्राव होते रहना ,मलद्वार

से भी .

यौन संपर्क भी तकलीफ देह हो उठता है .अंडकोष एक दम से नाज़ुक हो जातें हैं .ज़रा सा दबने पर दुखन होती है .

ला -इलाज़ नहीं है यह रोग

रोग निदान: मूत्र मार्ग से होने वाले स्राव तथा गर्भाशय /बच्चे दानी की गर्दन से होने वाले स्राव की जांच से रोग

निदान पुख्ता कर लिया जाता है .


यदि आपका रोग रोधी तंत्र इस विषाणु को शरीर से बहिष्कृत करने में चूक जाता है ,असमर्थ रहता है तब ,इससे

पैदा होजातें हैं प्रजनन अंगों पर (औरतों और मर्दों दोनों के )मस्से /अधिमांस (  चमड़ी पर बढ़वार )/WARTS .

It is a small benign small rough hump that grows on the genitals caused by a virus in this case.

शिश्न कैंसर (cancer of penis),,योनी ,कंठ और ज़बान के कैंसर की भी वजह बन सकता है यह संक्रमण .

ला -इलाज़ है यह रोग और इसका विषाणु

रोग निदान

रोग निदान के लिए DNA test किया जाता है या फिर Pap test .

प्रजनन अंगों पर उभर आये मस्सों का उपचार रासायनिक तौर पर कर लिया जाता है .चंद रसायन काम में लिए

जातें हैं इस एवज .

Pap smear test के लिए गर्भाशय गर्दन की खुरचन का अल्पांश लेके जांच की जाती है .

What is a Pap test?

Female reproductive system
Drawing of the reproductive system showing fallopian tube, ovaries, uterus, cervix and vagina
The Pap test, also called a Pap smear, checks for changes in the cells of your cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens into thevagina (birth canal). The Pap test can tell if you have an infection, abnormal (unhealthy) cervical cells, or cervical cancer.

Why do I need a Pap test?

A Pap test can save your life. It can find the earliest signs of cervical cancer. If caught early, the chance of curing cervical cancer is very high. Pap tests also can find infections and abnormal cervical cells that can turn into cancer cells. Treatment can prevent most cases of cervical cancer from developing.
Getting regular Pap tests is the best thing you can do to prevent cervical cancer. In fact, regular Pap tests have led to a major decline in the number of cervical cancer cases and deaths.

Do all women need Pap tests?

It is important for all women to have Pap tests, along with pelvic exams, as part of their routine health care. You need a Pap test if you are 21 years or older.
Women who have gone through menopause (when a woman's periods stop) still need regular Pap tests. Women ages 65 and older can talk to their doctor about stopping after at least 3 normal Pap tests and no abnormal results in the last 10 years.

How often do I need to get a Pap test?

It depends on your age and health history. Talk with your doctor about what is best for you. Most women can follow these guidelines:
  • Starting at age 21, have a Pap test every 2 years.
  • If you are 30 years old and older and have had 3 normal Pap tests for 3 years in a row, talk to your doctor about spacing out Pap tests to every 3 years.
  • If you are over 65 years old, ask your doctor if you can stop having Pap tests.
Ask your doctor about more frequent testing if:
  • You have a weakened immune system because of organ transplant, chemotherapy, or steroid use
  • Your mother was exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) while pregnant
  • You are HIV-positive
Women who are living with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, are at a higher risk of cervical cancer and other cervical diseases. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all HIV-positive women get an initial Pap test, and get re-tested 6 months later. If both Pap tests are normal, then these women can get yearly Pap tests in the future.

Who does not need regular Pap tests?

The only women who do not need regular Pap tests are:
  • Women over age 65 who have had 3 normal Pap tests and in a row and no abnormal test results in the last 10 years, and have been told by their doctors that they don't need to be tested anymore.
  • Women who do not have a cervix and are at low risk for cervical cancer. These women should speak to their doctor before stopping regular Pap tests.