बुधवार, 9 अप्रैल 2014

आरोग्य समाचार एवं विज्ञान समाचार

आरोग्य समाचार एवं विज्ञान समाचार 

BEANS ,PEAS COULD REDUCE BAD 


CHOLESTEROL

(१ )रोज़ाना एक मरतबा फलियां ,मटर ,चिक -पी (छोटी फली ,a pale yellow seed ,similar in size to the pea)दालें एक कटोरी भरके खाने से  से LDL CHOLESTEROL (बैड कोलेस्टेरोल ,खून में घुली एक प्रकार की चर्बी जो एक  सीमा के पार होने पर हमारी धमनियों को अवरुद्ध कर सकती है )पाच फीसद तक कम हो जाता है ,इस प्रकार परिहृदयरोग ,रक्त तथा धमनी रोगों  का ख़तरा भी कम हो जाता है। अध्ययन इसी आशय का Canadian Medical Association Journal में प्रकाशित हुआ है। 

(२ )उम्र दराज़ लोगों में चुकंदर के जूस का सेवन दिमाग की तरफ खून का दौरा बढ़ाकर दिमाग के अपविकासी रोग (Neuro-degenerative dis-order Dementia )के खतरे को कम कर सकता है। 

(३ ) आलू और प्याज का भंडारण एक ही स्थान पर न करें। दोनों ही  गैस छोड़ते हैं एक दूजे की भंडारण अवधि कम करते हैं जल्दी सड़ जाते हैं 

(४ ) साइंसदानों ने पता लगाया है बहुत ज्यादा ट्वीट करने वाला व्यक्ति ज्यादा आत्म रति से ग्रस्त होता है ज्यादा अपने पे विमोहित रहता है अपना ही गुणग्राहक और गुणगायन करता रहता है बरक्स फेसबुकिये के ,वनिस्पत मुख चिठ्ठे से  चिपके लोगों के। यह निष्कर्ष शोधकर्मियों ने १००० प्रतिभागियों से बातचीत के बाद निकाले हैं। 

(५ ) Social stress takes a toll on chromosomes, 

affects aging

Humans experiencing high levels of social stress and deprivation have shorter telomeres. Telomeres are the protective caps at the end of chromosomes which are the best indicators of biological age (cell age) as against chronological age. 

Scientists say the length of telomeres is crucial in deciding biological age - long ones indicate healthy ageing, short ones indicate some form of irreparable damage. 

Several studies suggest that telomere shortening is accelerated by stress but until now no studies examined the effects of social isolation on telomere shortening. 

To test whether social isolation accelerates telomere shortening, Denise Aydinonat, a doctorate student at the Vetmeduni Vienna conducted a study using DNA samples that she collected from African grey parrots during routine check-ups. 

African greys are highly social birds, but they are often reared and kept in isolation from other parrots. She and her collaborators compared the telomere lengths of single birds versus pair-housed individuals with a broad range of ages (from 1 to 45 years). 

The telomere lengths of older birds were shorter compared to younger birds, regardless of their housing. 

But the important finding of the study was that single-housed birds had shorter telomeres than pair-housed individuals of the same age group. 

Dustin Penn from the Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology at the Vetmeduni Vienna said, "This study is the first to examine the effects of social isolation on telomere length in any species." 

Penn and his team previously conducted experiments on mice which were the first to show that exposure to crowding stress causes telomere shortening. He points out that this new finding suggests that both extremes of social conditions affect telomere attrition. 

There is extensive scientific evidence showing the strong correlation between the percentage of short telomeres and the risk of developing diseases associated with ageing, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and Alzheimer's. 

In turn, lifestyle habits (nutrition, obesity and exercise) are increasingly being shown to impact telomere length. 

Telomeres shorten with each cell division, and once a critical length is reached, cells are unable to divide further. Although cellular senescence is a useful mechanism to eliminate worn-out cells, it appears to contribute to aging and mortality.

Are Telomeres The Key To Aging And Cancer?


Inside the nucleus of a cell, our genes are arranged along twisted, double-stranded molecules of DNA called chromosomes. At the ends of the chromosomes are stretches of DNA called telomeres, which protect our genetic data, make it possible for cells to divide, and hold some secrets to how we age and get cancer.
Telomeres have been compared with the plastic tips on shoelaces, because they keep chromosome ends from fraying and sticking to each other, which would destroy or scramble an organism's genetic information.
Yet, each time a cell divides, the telomeres get shorter. When they get too short, the cell can no longer divide; it becomes inactive or "senescent" or it dies. This shortening process is associated with aging, cancer, and a higher risk of death. So telomeres also have been compared with a bomb fuse.



Fluoresence-stained chromosomes
Fluorescence-stained chromosomes (red) on a microscope slide. Telomeres (yellow) sit at the ends of each chromosome. Photo courtesy of Dr. Robert Moyzis, UC Irvine, US Human Genome Program



































  • Telomere

  • A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromatid, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration or from fusion with neighbouring chromosomes. Wikipedia


  • Telomere
  • 4 टिप्‍पणियां:

    आशीष भाई ने कहा…

    सर बढ़िया जानकारी ,धन्यवाद !
    Information and solutions in Hindi ( हिंदी में समस्त प्रकार की जानकारियाँ )

    Digamber Naswa ने कहा…

    रोचक तथ्य और स्वस्थ रहने के अच्छे नुस्खे ...
    राम राम जी ...

    Anita ने कहा…

    बहुत काम की बातें..तनाव से मुक्त रहने का आसन उपाय है प्राणायाम..

    प्रवीण पाण्डेय ने कहा…

    स्वास्थ्ययोग्य सलाह।